Amblyopia

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Also called the ‘lazy eye’ syndrome, this disorder affects more children than any other. Despite the structure of the eye remaining intact, one or both eyes send blurry images to the brain. Glasses help, but they may not always correct the vision to 20/20. The recourse is to make the weak eye relatively stronger, by ‘patching’ or treating the normal eye with drops. Early treatment is recommended, with consistent early glasses or contacts, and a follow up over a lengthy period of time. Some forms of amblyopia are not immediately apparent to parents, and have to be detected via a vision screening test.


Symptoms

Symptoms may include noticeably favoring one eye or a tendency to bump into objects on one side. Symptoms are not always obvious.


Treatment:

Treatment for lazy eye may include a combination of prescription lenses, prisms, vision therapy and eye patching. Vision therapy teaches the two eyes how to work together, which helps prevent lazy eye from reoccurring.
Early diagnosis increases the chance for a complete recovery. It is recommends that children have a comprehensive optometric examination by the age of 6 months and again at age 3. Lazy eye will not go away on its own. If not diagnosed until the pre-teen, teen or adult years, treatment takes longer and is often less effective.

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