It is one of the most common refractive disorders where the eyes see far off objects in a blurry manner. It is usually diagnosed between the ages of 8-12 and the symptoms begin to show when children have difficulty seeing the blackboard. Diagnosis is through a comprehensive optical exam and the disorder is treated with corrective lenses or reflective surgery for a permanent solution.
How Is Nearsightedness Treated In Children?
It is still controversial whether progressive nearsightedness in children can be slowed down. Some recent studies suggest that the use of atropine combined with bifocals slows the progression of myopia. Children with nearsightedness can wear eyeglasses. They can also start wearing contact lenses when they are responsible enough to take care of them. Eye specialists rarely recommend contact lenses before a child enters his or her teens. Talk to your child's eye doctor to find if contact lenses can help your child.
Can Nearsightedness Be Prevented?
Since nearsightedness is often inherited, it is not totally possible to prevent it. However, there are steps you can take to minimize its effect. Make sure your child is examined early, especially if there is a family history of progressive nearsightedness or other eye conditions. If it is uncomfortable for him or her to watch television from a standard distance, your child may already be developing nearsightedness and needs an eye exam.
People who are short-sighted have what is called a refractive error. In people with myopia, the eyeball is too long or the cornea has too much curvature, so the light entering the eye is not focused correctly. Images focus in front of the retina, the light-sensitive part of the eye, rather than directly on the retina, causing blurred vision.
There are three main symptoms that a parent is likely to notice:
- Eye Strain
- Squinting and eye fatigue
Depending how far the disease has progressed, other symptoms can include:
- Cloudiness of the cornea, the normally clear front layer of the eye
- Enlargement of one or both eyes
- Red eye
Glasses, contact lenses, or refractive surgery can correct myopia.
With myopia, your prescription for glasses or contact lens is a negative number, such as -3.00. The higher the number, the stronger your lenses will be. The prescription helps the eye focus light on the retina, clearing up the vision.
Refractive surgery can reduce or even eliminate your dependence on glasses or contact lenses.