Vision for Infants (0-24 months)

The ability to see is formed over a period of time, much like the way infants learn to walk, sit or speak. If a vision problem is present from the beginning, the brain starts to accept that problem as the normal way and accommodates the pattern. There are certain signs that a parent should watch out for which may indicate vision problems.

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Vision for Pre-school Children (2-5 years)

Children at this age will be fine-tuning the visual abilities that they gained during infancy and developing new ones. They are developing the visually-guided eye-hand-body coordination, fine motor skills and visual perceptual abilities necessary to learn to read and write. Around 10% of children have vision problems at this stage which is why parents need to be alert to identify vision problems.

Some signs that suggest vision troubles are:

  • Squinting and head tilting
  • Frequent rubbing of eyes
  • Short attention span
  • Eye turned inside or outside
  • Avoidance of visually detailed activities such as coloring or painting
  • Less co-ordination between eye and body during games or holding books too close or sitting too close to the TV

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Vision for School Going Children (6-18 years)

Roughly speaking, 80% of a child’s learning is visual based. As children progress in school, they face increasing demands on their visual abilities and a problem with their vision could translate into problems in academic progress and sports participation.
The visual skills that a child of this age needs to possess are:

  • Visual acuity – seeing clearly at all distances.
  • Eye focusing – quickly adjust vision as distances between objects change.
  • Eye tracking – tracking your eyes from one object to another.
  • Eye teaming – ability to use and coordinate both eyes.
  • Eye-hand coordination – using visual cues to direct limb movement.
  • Visual perception – ability to organize images into recognizable objects, letters, numbers etc.

The Signs of Vision Problems in Children of This Age are Manifested Through Symptoms like:

  • Rubbing eyes or blinking frequently.
  • Short attention span.
  • Avoidance of reading.
  • Frequent headaches and eye pain.
  • Covering one eye and tilting of head.
  • Holding materials too close to face.
  • Double vision.
  • Difficulty reading and remembering what was read.